The purpose of the Equity Synthesis paper is threefold. Firstly, we wish to understand how the concept of equity itself can become more inclusive and equitable when considering Future Seas and how to address the challenges. Perhaps most important here is an understanding that equity as defined by current Western legal systems is a very different concept from that understood by Traditional and Indigenous Peoples, and that experienced and understood by marginalised groups at the intersection of many drivers of inequity, and this has serious implications for our considerations of the equity concept. Secondly, we want to identify what will be more or less equitable under the Sustainable Futures scenarios for each of the challenges. Thirdly, we hope to identify to what extent and how the pathways to a Sustainable Future may address any inequities.