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Ocean resource use

8. Deep Aspirations

Towards a sustainable offshore blue economy


Seafood plays an important role in food systems as a source of protein and micronutrients, particularly for Small Island Developing States and coastal Indigenous Peoples. Production of food from the sea has the potential to increase substantially through improved management of wild harvesting and increased mariculture. Seafood production, distribution and consumption is changing rapidly with evolving consumer demand, nutritional and product awareness and production technology. A thorough evaluation of the needs, potential impacts and solutions that align seafood production and consumption with the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is required. This paper uses a descriptive narrative approach to examine the anticipated global trends for seafood over the next ten years to identify key pathways that could shift the current trajectory to a more sustainable 2030. Key ‘drivers’ influencing the global seafood system are identified and used to construct a future scenario based on our current trajectory (Business-as-usual 2030). This scenario is described through evidence-based fictional perspectives demonstrating how the anticipated future might be experienced by people in different social, geographical and economic situations. Descriptive pathways and actions are then presented for a more sustainable future that strives towards achieving the SDGs as far as technically possible (More sustainable 2030). The key actions underpinning the pathways to a more sustainable 2030 will have different, often competing, drivers and will be appropriate for implementation at different scales by different actors. Prioritising actions that not only sustainably produce more seafood, but consider aspects of access and utilisation for all is essential.


Lead Investigators

Camilla Novaglio

CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere / CMS

Narissa Bax

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies / CMS


Beth Fulton

CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere/ CMS / Blue Economy CRC


Meet our fellow team members who contribute to the success of this project.
Fabio Boschetti

Fabio Boschetti

Lucy Robinson

Lucy Robinson

Oceans Institute & Oceans Graduate School, The University of Western Australia / CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere

Liam Fullbrook

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania / CMS / PandIR UTAS
Erica Spain

Erica Spain

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies / Antarctic Gateway Partnership

Michelle Voyer

Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security / University of Wollongong

Joanna Vince

Politics and International Relations, School of Social Sciences, University of Tasmania
Stewart Frusher

Stewart Frusher

Sarah Jennings

Graham Wood

Graham Wood


Mark Hemer

Ingrid van Putten

CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere / CMS

Gholam Reza Emad


future seas

FUTURE SEAS is a unique collaboration , spear-headed by the Centre for Marine Socioecology, of over 100 researchers from the University of Tasmania (UTAS), the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and other institutions
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